This article accompanies the fable
It was romanticized in French as la fée verte ("the green fairy") for its seductive qualities and it appears in many paintings and posters up till World War I. Below is The Absinthe Drinker by Czech painter Viktor Oliva (1901), which hangs today in Café Slavia in Prague.
In the Edgar Degas painting below, known both as Dans un café and as L'Absinthe (1873), is there an implicit criticism of its subjects and, if there is, is it because she is drinking absinthe? Many critics in France and England thought so. Others hated the painting for its "squalid" realism and its melancholy, but this says more about them than the painting itself, which I rather like. It is now in the Musée d'Orsay.
Below is a different viewpoint - this poster of 1910 by Albert Gantner criticizes the ban on absinthe in Switzerland. He did a similar one when France banned it in 1915.