This article accompanies the fable
Therefore, let there be two Venuses in the soul, the one heavenly, the other earthly. Let them both have a love, the Heavenly for the reflection upon divine beauty, the earthly for generating divine beauty in earthly. – from Ficino's Commentary on Plato's Symposium
Mark Twain affectionately dubbed Titian’s painting “the foulest, the vilest, the obscenest picture the world possesses.” Byron adored it too. Botticelli’s Venus is one of the most homaged and parodied images in popular culture.
Less well known but equally provocative are the paintings below. In Lorenzo Lotto's Venus and Cupid (late 1520s or 1540 - disputed), traditional critics see a bride and symbols of fertility, while others see hints of incest and alchemy. It's definitely an odd painting and Lotto was one of the oddest painters of the Venetian Renaissance.
The incest is more pronounced in Agnolo Bronzino's Venus, Cupid, Folly and Time (c. 1545), with Cupid on the left grabbing her breast and closing in for an erotic kiss. Venus has the arrow though... It is in the National Gallery, London.